Ari Shapiro http://kvpr.org en Among Israelis, Pressure Swells To Commence Ground War In Gaza http://kvpr.org/post/among-israelis-pressure-swells-commence-ground-war-gaza One of the first serious hits by a Hamas rocket has left a gas station burning — and one Israeli badly injured — as Israel ramps up talk of a Gaza ground invasion. But that carries a lot of downsides. Fri, 11 Jul 2014 20:11:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 35558 at http://kvpr.org Israel's Rocket Defense System Performs Well During Gaza Escalation http://kvpr.org/post/israels-rocket-defense-system-performs-well-during-gaza-escalation Israel's military says its rocket defense system, known as Iron Dome, has kept the country safe from Hamas rockets. The missile shield system may have its critics, but Israelis are still proud. Fri, 11 Jul 2014 09:00:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 35526 at http://kvpr.org On Opposite Sides Of Israeli-Gaza Border, Feeling The Same Fears http://kvpr.org/post/opposite-sides-israeli-gaza-border-feeling-same-fears More than 50 Palestinians have been killed and 450 wounded in <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/07/09/330059942/israel-strikes-gaza-again-as-violence-and-death-toll-escalate">Israeli airstrikes on the Gaza Strip</a>. Meanwhile, rockets continue to fly toward Israel from Gaza, but so far, no Israelis have been reported killed.<p>For people living in and around the Gaza Strip, this conflict has turned daily routines upside down. Wed, 09 Jul 2014 21:05:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 35432 at http://kvpr.org On Opposite Sides Of Israeli-Gaza Border, Feeling The Same Fears In Jerusalem, And Caught In A Crossfire Of Thrown Stones http://kvpr.org/post/jerusalem-and-caught-crossfire-thrown-stones Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Robert Siegel. Fighting continues today between Israelis and Palestinians. Israel said that Hamas militants fired dozens of rockets into southern Israel. There were no serious injuries reported. That came after Israeli airstrikes in Gaza overnight. Israel denies Hamas claims that those strikes killed some militants. Mon, 07 Jul 2014 20:53:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 35312 at http://kvpr.org A Scottish Yarn: A Knit In Time Saves The Fabric Of Shetland Life http://kvpr.org/post/scottish-yarn-knit-time-saves-fabric-shetland-life Drive around the Shetland Islands in the far north of Scotland, and at least one thing is immediately apparent: It's home to a lot of sheep. They're everywhere — wandering along the roadsides and on beaches.<p>In fact, there are some 400,000 of them in Shetland, where the ovine inhabitants outnumber the human ones 20 to 1.<p>So if you're invited to someone's home for dinner, lamb will likely be on the table. And if you're wearing a local scarf or mittens, chances are it was made out of Shetland wool.<p>Here in Shetland, knitting is not a hobby reserved for grannies or for hipsters. Wed, 02 Jul 2014 21:18:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 35111 at http://kvpr.org A Scottish Yarn: A Knit In Time Saves The Fabric Of Shetland Life In Shetland, Oil Shapes Debate Over Scottish Independence http://kvpr.org/post/shetland-oil-shapes-debate-over-scottish-independence In September, Scotland will vote on whether to break away from the United Kingdom and declare independence.<p>So far, the debate has been largely about money: One poll says most voters would switch their vote if it meant an extra 500 pounds, or around $800 dollars.<p>North Sea oil and gas are central to this economic debate — nowhere more so than in the remote Shetland Islands, many miles from the Scottish mainland, where tankers carrying North Sea oil come ashore. Mon, 30 Jun 2014 07:44:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 34944 at http://kvpr.org In Shetland, Oil Shapes Debate Over Scottish Independence The Shifting Legacy Of The Man Who Shot Franz Ferdinand http://kvpr.org/post/shifting-legacy-man-who-shot-franz-ferdinand A hundred years ago Saturday, <a href="http://www.npr.org/2014/06/27/325516359/a-century-ago-in-sarajevo-a-plot-a-farce-and-a-fateful-shot">Gavrilo Princip shot the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne</a>. That event triggered World War I, charting the course for the 20th century. Fri, 27 Jun 2014 20:07:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 34873 at http://kvpr.org The Shifting Legacy Of The Man Who Shot Franz Ferdinand A Century Ago In Sarajevo: A Plot, A Farce And A Fateful Shot http://kvpr.org/post/century-ago-sarajevo-plot-farce-and-fateful-shot The shot that killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary was fired a hundred years ago this weekend.<p>The assassination in Sarajevo, on June 28, 1914, triggered World War I and changed the course of the 20th century. The consequences of that act were devastating. But the beginning of the story sounds almost like a farce — complete with bad aim, botched poisoning and a wrong turn on the road.<p>Today, in the capital of Bosnia-Herzegovina, you don't have to hunt around for the spot where it all took place. Fri, 27 Jun 2014 07:23:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 34841 at http://kvpr.org A Century Ago In Sarajevo: A Plot, A Farce And A Fateful Shot A Century From Archduke's Death, Spotlight Turns Back To Bosnia http://kvpr.org/post/century-archdukes-death-spotlight-turns-back-bosnia Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>People from around the world are in Sarajevo this week to mark 100 years since the gunshot that changed history. On June 28, 1914, a young assassin killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand, triggering the First World War. Bosnia is hosting concerts, conferences and art exhibitions to mark the centenary. NPR's Ari Shapiro reports from Sarajevo on what locals make of the big commemoration.<p>ARI SHAPIRO, BYLINE: In the heart of Sarajevo's old city, the Markale market is a bustling place. Thu, 26 Jun 2014 20:20:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 34823 at http://kvpr.org In London, An Underground Home For The World's Mosquitoes http://kvpr.org/post/london-underground-home-worlds-mosquitoes You can't hear it over the noise of London's traffic. But it's there. That faint, whining hum. Right under my feet, thousands of mosquitoes are dining on human blood.<p>To visit them, you have to go through a sliding glass door into the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. This school started as a hospital on the Thames River, where doctors treated sailors returning from faraway places with strange parasites.<p>Today, the building holds countless exotic diseases that you hope you'll never catch. The mosquitoes carry just a few of them, and their keeper is an entomologist named Dr. Sun, 15 Jun 2014 08:35:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 34229 at http://kvpr.org In London, An Underground Home For The World's Mosquitoes Across Europe, Anti-Uber Protests Clog City Streets http://kvpr.org/post/across-europe-anti-uber-protests-clog-city-streets In capital cities across Europe, taxi drivers took to the streets without passengers Wednesday afternoon. They slowed to a snail's pace in what Parisians called "Operation Escargot." Horns blared around Trafalgar Square in London. In Berlin, taxis massed at the Central Station. All to protest the smartphone app Uber.<p>"We've opened Frankfurt last week, we've opened Lille in France, which is our third city this week. Wed, 11 Jun 2014 18:49:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 34038 at http://kvpr.org Across Europe, Anti-Uber Protests Clog City Streets A London Summit Tackles A Problem As Old As War Itself http://kvpr.org/post/london-summit-tackles-problem-old-war-itself For centuries, governments around the world have often treated sexual violence as an unpreventable fact of war. Books from the Bible to the Iliad talk about rape and pillaging as an inevitable part of conflict. Now that attitude is beginning to change.<p>As evidence, you can look at the global outrage when hundreds of Nigerian girls were recently kidnapped. Or you can look at a conference that began in London on Tuesday. Tue, 10 Jun 2014 17:30:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 33965 at http://kvpr.org A London Summit Tackles A Problem As Old As War Itself In Leap From Page To Stage, UK's Take On 'Catch-22' Gets It Right http://kvpr.org/post/leap-page-stage-uks-take-catch-22-gets-it-right <em>Catch-22</em> is widely considered a great novel; until now, it has been a disaster as a play. Though Joseph Heller adapted his work for the stage decades ago, every production had been a failure. Now, however, a new production of his play seems to have broken the curse: It is touring the UK and receiving strong reviews. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Thu, 05 Jun 2014 21:06:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 33791 at http://kvpr.org To Win, Wear Red: Physicist Hawking Advises England's World Cup Squad http://kvpr.org/post/win-wear-red-physicist-hawking-advises-englands-world-cup-squad <p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iJFQ1QG5Hno</p> Wed, 28 May 2014 16:47:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 33375 at http://kvpr.org To Win, Wear Red: Physicist Hawking Advises England's World Cup Squad World's Richest People Meet, Muse On How To Spread The Wealth http://kvpr.org/post/worlds-richest-people-meet-muse-how-spread-wealth Talk of economic mobility and the wealth gap is hardly new. From the Occupy movement to President Obama's re-election campaign, income inequality has been in the spotlight for years.<p>Even so, the <a href="http://www.inclusivecapitalism.org/">"inclusive capitalism" conference</a> in London on Tuesday broke new ground. Not because of the conversation, but because of the people having it.<p>The 250 people from around the world invited to attend this one-day conference do not represent "the 99 percent," or even the 1 percent. Tue, 27 May 2014 18:38:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 33314 at http://kvpr.org World's Richest People Meet, Muse On How To Spread The Wealth Killed The Mockingbird? American Classics Cut From British Reading List http://kvpr.org/post/killed-mockingbird-american-classics-cut-british-reading-list For decades, British students have grown up reading the American classics <em>To Kill A Mockingbird, Of Mice and Men </em>and <em>The Crucible.</em> Now, if students want to read those books, it will be on their own time. Harper Lee, John Steinbeck and Arthur Miller are out — perhaps replaced by the likes of Charles Dickens, Jane Austen and George Eliot.<p>British Education Secretary Michael Gove has decided that the English literature list for a national exam needs to be more English, so he is swapping American texts in the curriculum for British ones. Mon, 26 May 2014 12:57:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 33256 at http://kvpr.org Killed The Mockingbird? American Classics Cut From British Reading List Anti-Immigrant Sentiment Helps Fuel Right-Wing EU Candidates http://kvpr.org/post/anti-immigrant-sentiment-helps-fuel-right-wing-eu-candidates Transcript <p>SCOTT SIMON, HOST: <p>Voters across Europe are going to the polls this weekend to choose representatives to Europe's Parliament in Brussels. These elections take place every five years, and they can be an important measure of the mood of voters on the continent. This year, right-wing parties are expected to do well, as NPR's Ari Shapiro reports.<p>ARI SHAPIRO, BYLINE: These elections don't generally get a lot of attention in the U.S., but they are important for two reasons. Sat, 24 May 2014 11:49:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 33199 at http://kvpr.org Britain's Right-Wing Party Make Gains In EU Parliament Election http://kvpr.org/post/britains-right-wing-party-make-gains-eu-parliament-election British voters went to the polls Thursday in European and local elections. The vote is key for the UK Independence Party, whose anti-Europe and anti-immigration views struck a chord with some Britons. Fri, 23 May 2014 09:59:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 33135 at http://kvpr.org Hero Or Villain? Historical Ukrainian Figure Symbolizes Today's Feud http://kvpr.org/post/hero-or-villian-historical-ukrainian-figure-symbolizes-todays-feud Let's start with the basics: Stepan Bandera was born in 1909 in what is now western Ukraine. In 1959, the Soviet Union's KGB poisoned Bandera with cyanide and he died in Munich, West Germany.<p>Between those two dates, black and white quickly fades to gray.<p>In western Ukraine, many see him as a freedom fighter who battled domination by the Soviet Union and other European powers before and during World War II. They see themselves as the heirs to Bandera's struggle.<p>In eastern Ukraine, Bandera has entirely different connotations. Tue, 20 May 2014 14:45:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 32950 at http://kvpr.org Hero Or Villain? Historical Ukrainian Figure Symbolizes Today's Feud Corruption In Ukraine Robs HIV Patients Of Crucial Medicine http://kvpr.org/post/corruption-ukraine-robs-hiv-patients-crucial-medicine I recently took a Ukrainian taxi from the airport to my hotel. The fare should have been $20. The cab driver was adamant that I pay $30. When I finally paid him $30, the driver gave me a receipt with a wink. He'd made it out for $40.<p>The driver got a cut by overcharging me, and assumed that I would take a cut by overcharging NPR (which I did not).<p>In Ukraine, corruption is a daily fact of life. It reaches into big business, law enforcement, education and even the smallest transactions between people on the street.<p>Nobody died because my cab driver was corrupt. Fri, 16 May 2014 07:44:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 32748 at http://kvpr.org Corruption In Ukraine Robs HIV Patients Of Crucial Medicine