NPR Story
12:02 pm
Mon August 5, 2013

Sounds Of Africa In St. Louis

Originally published on Mon August 5, 2013 2:32 pm

As part of NPR’s Ecstatic Voices series, reporter Neda Ulaby visited the St. Louis choral group Sounds Of Africa.

The group explores the music of contemporary South African composers, including the African sacred music of composer Ikoli Harcourt Whyte.

Reporter

Copyright 2013 WBUR-FM. To see more, visit http://www.wbur.org.

Transcript

JEREMY HOBSON, HOST:

It's HERE AND NOW.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG)

SOUNDS OF AFRICA: (Singing in foreign language)

HOBSON: All this year, with the series, Ecstatic Voices, NPR is sharing sacred music from around the United States. Today, a stop in St. Louis, where a choral group explores the music, particularly the sacred music of contemporary African composers, like this piece from Gambia.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG)

AFRICA: (Singing in foreign language)

HOBSON: NPR's Neda Ulaby brings us the report.

NEDA ULABY, BYLINE: The founder of the choral group, Sounds of Africa, is Fred Onovwerosuoke. He was born in Ghana, brought up in Nigeria, and his choir, here in the heart of the United States, has recorded his arrangements of African sacred music by a composer named Ikoli Harcourt Whyte.

FRED ONOVWEROSUOKE: He was born 1905, died in 1977. He was a leper.

ULABY: Whyte lived in a leper colony run by the Methodist Church. He formed a choir of those also confined there.

ONOVWEROSUOKE: And he composed and wrote for them some of the most moving, spiritual music.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG)

AFRICA: (Singing in foreign language)

ULABY: Onovwerosuoke remembers record stores in Nigeria blasting Harcourt Whyte's music from huge outside speakers. He sang in the choir of his Anglican church.

ONOVWEROSUOKE: I was a boy soprano from the...

(LAUGHTER)

ONOVWEROSUOKE: ...from a very, very early age, you know?

ULABY: Onovwerosuoke's family was friendly with the local priest and imam. He soaked up what he heard in the church and in the mosque. As a teenager, Onovwerosuoke became an amateur ethnomusicologist. He traveled around the continent with his Walkman, taping musicians.

ONOVWEROSUOKE: Immersing myself in religious ceremonies. We have field recordings from easily 35 African countries.

ULABY: Now, those field recordings help Midwesterners understand the music from Africa they're singing.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG)

AFRICA: (Singing in foreign language)

ULABY: Rose Fisher is Sounds of Africa's assistant director. She's guiding the choir through lyrics in Yoruba, a tonal language from West Africa.

ROSE FISHER: Do that last part. (Foreign language spoken) Ready? Here we go. (Foreign language spoken)

AFRICA: (Foreign language spoken)

FISHER: Thank you.

ULABY: An hour later, they're singing it as part of a service at Pilgrim Congregational Church.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG)

AFRICA: (Singing in foreign language)

ULABY: Music from Africa can be incredibly challenging for Western singers, says soprano Marlissa Hudson. She recorded music arranged by Onovwerosuoke. She says none of her classical training prepared her for the complexities of its rhythms.

MARLISSA HUDSON: And you can't count when you're singing that kind of music, so Fred actually danced it for me. As soon as he danced it, it clicked.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG)

HUDSON: (Singing in foreign language)

ULABY: Hudson says part of understanding African sacred music for her meant thinking about its colonial context. It's beautiful music with a violent history.

HUDSON: That's the same story of the spirituals.

ULABY: The music of oppressed people combined with the music of their oppressors.

HUDSON: But within that oppression much like in the spirituals, even in the depth of the sadness, there's a kernel of what is possible.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG)

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (Singing in foreign language)

ULABY: This music, born of pain, insists on life, on resilience, on a connection to something beyond human suffering.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG)

HUDSON: (Singing) Jesus, Lord of all creation.

ULABY: Part of the power of these hymns come from how they assimilated customs and musical traditions rooted far from Christianity, says Fred Onovwerosuoke. Melissa Breed Parks is part of his core ensemble. She's wearing a bright yellow robe and embroidered headscarf that don't look to be part of her own faith tradition.

MELISSA BREED PARKS: I'm Quaker, and we don't sing or really even talk.

(LAUGHTER)

PARKS: Our meetings, it's pretty much silent.

ULABY: Sounds of Africa, she says, allows her to express another facet of her spirituality. Here's what Fred Onovwerosuoke said when I asked him how do you teach Americans to sign sacred music from Africa?

ONOVWEROSUOKE: Well, the same way Africans will sing Mozart motet or whatever. You know, so the thing is my philosophy of life is that there will be greater peace in the world if we share of other cultures as much as they share of our own American experience.

ULABY: To use music to quiet the ghosts of history, by moving the world closer by celebrating African music and services along with Western hymns - nothing, says Onovwerosuoke, could make music more sacred.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG)

AFRICA: (Singing) Glory to the Lord and the savior. Peace on earth and every nation. Glory to the Lord and the savior, Jesus.

ULABY: Neda Ulaby, NPR News.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG)

AFRICA: (Singing) Lord and savior, Jesus. Our glory, he's a living lord and savior, Jesus. You are my Jesus, lord of creation. Creation. You are my Jesus, lord of creation. Creation. You are my Jesus, lord of creation. Creation. You are my God. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

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